Tracheal stenosis is a stricture in the trachea by either known or unknown reasons.
Risk factors include precipitating events, lesions, or infections. Specific examples include, but are not limited to: blunt trauma, inhalation injury, previous tracheostomy, goiter, mass, and infections such as tuberculosis or histoplasmosis.
Signs and symptoms:
- Progressive coughing
- Worsening shortness of breath
- Hemoptysis (bloody sputum)
A bronchoscopy is performed to visualize the trachea and, then the surgeon either uses a rigid bronchoscope or a balloon dilator in attempt to open the stricture.
A tracheal stent can be placed in order to manage an airway stricture and is usually placed during a bronchoscopy. A T tube is a type of stent that passes through the airway stricture and has an extra-luminal end.
Tracheal resection is a surgery where the damaged portion of the trachea is removed.